Busan UN Memorial Cemetery

Train to Busan

Busan is the second largest city in Seoul with the population of 3.6million. I'm excited to see what this city could offer me. So, when Mike had a teacher training job to do at Pukyung National University, I tagged along with him. In this four days three nights trip, we stopped a night in Nam-Gu and the remaining nights at Haeundae-Gu.

The Seating, Toilet and the Vending Machine

We left Seoul station at 1:30 pm with KTX train no.141. The journey takes about two hours and thirty minutes.

Seoul Stn @ 1:30pm ➡ Cheonan/Asan Stn @ 2:05pm ➡ Daejon Stn @ 2:30pm ➡ Dongdaegu Stn @ 3:17pm ➡ Shingyeongju Stn @ 3:36pm ➡ Busan Stn @ 4:07pm

Walking out from the train station, we veered to the right and walked towards the Taxi station. We could see that the crowd has already formed a long queue. But it didn't take a long time, we've only been waiting for about 10 minutes before getting into one. The journey to the campus takes about 20 minutes, and the fare was 8,600won.

Pukyung National University

When Mike left for work at 5:30 pm, I spent my time reading books and watching movies. Once he finished his work at 9 pm, we headed out for late dinner at Burn & Bun's. We were the only customers there and it had me worried about the quality of the food. But turned out, it was alright. So, maybe it was just because it has already passed the dinner time.

Fries for a starter

I ordered a bacon burger, and mike had a fireball burger. The total price was 22,500won.


With a full stomach, we strolled back to the room and retired for the night.

The next morning, we had lunch at the nearby restaurant, and the food was cheap. It was only 7,500won for the two of us.

Cheap 돈가스 Donkatsu

When we finished our lunch, Mike walked back to the University, and I set my foot to find the way to the UN memorial park. It said to be within walking distance from the University. However, I've always had a problem reading the map from my phone, so, after walking about half an hour in a circle, I finally found the entrance and entered it by the East Gate.


If you coming from the main gate, you will walk through from here:


Opening Hour
October - April: 09:00 am - 05:00 pm
May - September: 09:00 am - 06:00 pm

* East gate closing time: Oct-April at 4:30 pm & May-Sept at 5:30 pm
* Free admission


The park was built to honour fallen soldiers from 16 countries who fought in the Korean war from 1950 - 1953. The place was immaculately clean and beautiful.  I would've loved to walk along the tombs learning their name, but it's forbidden to step on the grass. The only place we could walk are the cemented paths.


This massive place (35 acres), contains 2,300 graves for the fallen soldiers from these countries:

Australia           281            Korea                         36
Canada             378            Turkey                      462
France               44             United Kingdom        885
Netherlands     117             U.S.A                         36
New Zealand     34             Known unto God           4
Norway               1             Others                        11
South Africa      11             Total                     2,300



The inscription can be read from the italic text below
     
    Beyond frontiers and faiths
    Our rights now in a rendezvous;
    Enabled thus to sense and caress
    The hugging warmth of all that is past.

    How precious were times before Pusan
    When sharing the glory of unified thought
    And of battling hand-to-hand
    Over vast valleys and hills.

    Brief was this advent for soon I parted
    In much mysterious a way,
    My life-blood drained one night
    In flag-like waves and flutters.

    Now enwrapped in Pusan's soil,
    My senses reaching deaths infinity;
    And "Fatherland" grown to such dimensions
    Conversant I am in all tongues there are

    All us Martyrs utterly awake;
    Our hands united and stretched to the skies;
    In communion, we are through the throbbing soil,
    Which by a sense-of-belonging has become our own

    I salute you oh Turkish Martyr!
    You in Anatolia and I in Pusan;
    You have fallen for my Turkey

    And I, for our world


From Greece for her fallen sons in gratitude
    Thou Martyr who has fallen
    In a sacrifice supreme
    By defending your mother-soil
    To your forebears' full esteem

    Who could erect a sepulchre
    Worthy of your size sublime,
    The bosom of history suffices not
    you to enshrine

    Nor could mankind's story contain
    Other epochs of your grace,
    Only infinities would eternize you

    In time and space!



Canadian Memorial Statue

The monument to Canadian fallen was dedicated by the Canadian Veterans, Korean War Commemoration Committee on November 11, 2001.
The serviceman depicted is hatless eliminating the need for service or unit designation. It projects an air of individuality and informality, which are recognized traits among Canadians. The bouquets of two national flowers, 21 maple leaves and roses of Sharon, held by young girl and boy, symbolize 21 Canadians who fell and have no known graves.
This bronze statue was designed by a Canadian Veteran, Vincent R. Courtenay and sculpted by a Korean artist, Yoo Young Mun.

The memorial inscribed the name of fallen soldiers who have no known grave

Beautiful and serene

The Memorabilia Hall II located behind this

Behind the wall, you could find these information:

United States Of America
Participating Forces
Army: Eight Army (8 Divisions)
Navy: Seventh Fleet, Far East Naval Forces
Air Force: Fifth Air Forces, Far East Air Forces
Marines: One Division
Deaths: 33,870

Turkey
Participating Forces
Army: One Brigade (Infantry, Artillery)
Dead: 724 (KIA)

New Zealand
Participating Forces
Army: One Artillery Regiment
Navy: Two Frigates
Dead: 41

Philippines
Participating Forces
Army: One Battalion Combat Team
Dead: 112 (KIA)

Netherlands
Participating Forces
Army: One Infantry Battalion
Navy: One Destroyer
Dead: 124

United Kingdom
Participating Forces
Army: Two Brigades (Infantry, Artillery, Tank)
Navy: Far East Naval Forces
Air Force: Transport Squadron
Marines: One Company
Dead: 1,109

Thailand
Participating Forces
Army: One Regimental Combat Team
Navy: Two Corvettes
Air Force: Transport Squadron
Dead: 132

Norway
Participation
Medical Unit: Mobile Surgical Field Hospital
Dead: 3

Sweden
Participation
Medical Unit: Furnished A Hospital (Red Cross)

Republic of South Africa
Participating Forces
Air Force: Fighter Squadron
Dead: 37





The British Forces
It is estimated that 100,000 British servicemen and women, many of them under National Service, served during the Korean War and in three years of brutal conflict British losses amounted to over 1,000 killed and many more wounded. Over 1,000 British servicemen suffered as Prisoners of War, many being subjected to brutal treatment. Those missing were presumed dead.

In the Memorabilia Hall II, there are some pictures of the fallen soldiers and also key roles during the war which you can read as follows:


Key roles during the war
Australia was the third country among the U.N. members that participated in the Korean War to send combat troops and send all ground troops, naval and air force. It first sent naval and air force on Jul 1, 1950, and ground troops on Sept. 27.
Two Australian frigate ships stationed in Hong Kong at the time under the command of the British Commonwealth Far East Fleet arrived in Korean waters on Jul. 1, 6 days after the start of the war and began operations under the command of the U.S. Far East Navy Headquarters. The Australian Navy carried out sea operations with the force of 1 aircraft carrier, 2 destroyers, 1 frigate ship, and the total number of ships participated in the war was 9 (1 aircraft carrier, 4 destroyers and 4 frigate ships).

The Australia Air Force 77th Flight Battalion stationed in Japan, as a member of British Commonwealth occupying force, participated in the Korean War under the command of the U.S. 5th Air Force Corps, and later 1 air transport formation was added to the war.
The Australia 3rd Battalion stationed in Japan as a member of the Allied Forces arrived in Busan on Sep. 27, 1950 and began ground operations after being attached to the British 27th Brigade.
Afterwards, the 'Australia 1st Battalion' arrived in Busan from the home base on Apr. 9, 1952 and it was attached to the British Commonwealth 28t Brigade of the 1st Division. This Battalion returned home after being replaced by the 'Australia 2nd Battalion' newly deployed on Mar. 21, 1953. One battalion from the Australia ground troops first participated in the war and 2 battalions joined the war after Apr. 1952.

The wall of Remembrance
 We engrave your names in our hearts with love
We inscribe your names in our land with appreciation
Daunt Waterway

I wondered for about 2 hours in this place before headed back to the University. We then took a taxi and moved on to our next destination, Haeundae.

Travel Date: 11th ~ 12th November 2016

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